ترویج آبزی‌‌پروری پایدار راهکاری در جهت حفظ محیط زیست استان گیلان با تأکید بر اهداف آبزی‌پروری شیلات استان

نوع مقاله: مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

2 اداره کل شیلات گیلان

چکیده

صنعت آبزی‌پروری پایدار می‌تواند با کمترین آسیب به محیط زیست، متضمن امنیت و سلامت غذایی جامعه باشد و از آن‌جایی که استان گیلان از قطب‌های مهم آبزی‌پروری کشور است، ترویج آبزی‌پروری پایدار در استان از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است. همچنین تدوین اهداف مناسب، موفقیت هر گونه فعالیتی را تضمین می‌کند. بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ترویج آبزی‌پروری پایدار به منظور حفظ محیط زیست استان گیلان با تأکید بر اهداف آبزی‌پروری شیلات استان به انجام رسید. رویکرد کلی تحقیق کیفی است. بخشی از داده‌ها از طریق مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای به دست آمد و به منظور تحلیل داده‌های کیفی نیز از روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی بهره گرفته شد. نمونه‌گیری به صورت هدفمند بوده و اعتبار یافته‌های تحقیق از طریق مثلث‌بندی تأیید شد. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق و به اعتقاد افراد شرکت کننده، نیاز به مدیریت نهاده، مدیریت تولید، کنترل پساب و بازاریابی و فروش محصولات، مسائلی است که در شرایط فعلی آبزی‌پروری استان وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که حمایت‌های فنی به منظور گسترش آبزی‌پروری پایدار، توسعه‌ی آبزی‌پروری مسئولانه از نظر حفظ و بهبود محیط زیست و گسترش آبزی‌پروری پایدار از طریق حمایت‌های اطلاعاتی و بازاریابی را باید به اهداف فعلی ترویج آبزی‌پروری اضافه نمود. بنابراین، به مسئولان شیلات استان توصیه می‌شود که اهداف پیشنهاد شده توسط محققان و کارشناسان شیلاتی را در تهیه و تدوین اهداف اداره کل شیلات استان مد نظر قرار بدهند تا بتوانند برنامه‌های آموزشی و فعالیت‌های ترویجی مفیدی را در راستای آبزی‌پروری پایدار دنبال کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Extension of Sustainable Aquaculture, a Strategy for Protection of the Environment with Emphasis on Aquaculture Goals of Guilan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Ghorbani Piralidehi 1
  • Hossein Agahi 1
  • Keumars Zarafshani 1
  • Azim Modabberi 2
1 University of Razi- Kermanshah
2 Fisheries of Guilan Province
چکیده [English]

Sustainable aquaculture industry can cause minimal harm to the environment end ensures food security and health of the society. As Guilan Province is an important pole of aquaculture in Iran, extension of sustainable aquaculture in it is of utmost importance. Also, the proper goal setting ensures the success of activities in this regards. This research aimed to study extension of sustainable aquaculture as a strategy for protection of the Guilan Province’s environment with emphasis on aquaculture goals of fishery sector. The general approach of the research is qualitative. Part of the data was obtained through a literature review and to analyze the qualitative data we used qualitative content analysis as well. Sampling was targeted and confirmed the validity of research findings through triangulation. Based on the research results and the opinion of the participants, the need to inputs management, production management, waste control, and marketing and sales of products, are the main issues in the current situation of province’s aquaculture. Also, the result showed that technical support to develop sustainable aquaculture, development of responsible aquaculture for protecting and improving the environment, and development of sustainable aquaculture through information and marketing support should be added to the current goals of aquaculture extension. We recommend considering proposed goals by researchers and fisheries experts when preparing goals for the department of fisheries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Extension of sustainable aquaculture
  • Environmental Issues
  • Aquaculture goals
  • Production Management
  • Waste control

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