سنجش میزان آگاهی محیط‎زیستی و بررسی تاثیر آموزش محیط‎زیست در مدارس روستایی شهرستان چگنی، استان ‎لرستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه لرستان

2 دانشگاه گنبد کاووس

3 دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

سنجش آگاهی دانش‌آموزان نسبت به محیط‌زیست و بررسی تاثیر  آموزش حفاظت از آن به‌خصوص در مناطق روستایی ضروری به نظر می‌رسد. تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی سنجش میزان آگاهی و بررسی تاثیر  آموزش محیط‌زیست به خصوص جنگل‎ها در مدارس روستایی شهرستان چگنی، استان لرستان انجام گرفت. برای این منظور هفت مدرسه در مقطع دبیرستان در شهرستان چگنی (استان لرستان) واقع در منطقه جنگلی، انتخاب شدند. تعداد 1000 نفر از دانش‌آموزان در قالب سخنرانی، نصب پوسترها و فیلم‌های آموزشی محیط‌زیست، تحت آموزش قرار گرفتند. از این تعداد، 300 نفر بر اساس برآورد حجم نمونه کوکران به‌طور تصادفی به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند تا دیدگاه‌ آن‌ها قبل و بعد از آموزش مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. به منظور جمع‎آوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه‌ای طراحی شد که اعتبار آن توسط صاحبنظران و پایایی آن با انجام آزمون مقدماتی تایید شد. میزان ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای متغیرهای رفتار، دانش، شناخت، نگرش محیط‌زیستی و آموزش به ترتیب 8/0، 9/0، 8/0، 7/0 و 8/0به دست آمد. پایه‌های مختلف، معدل دانش‌آموزان، درآمد خانوار و سطح تحصیلات پدر و مادر دانش‌آموزان نیز تاثیر  معنی‌داری بر آگاهی نگرش و دیدگاه آن‌ها نداشتند. بین دانش محیط‌زیستی با متغیرهای شناخت محیط‌زیستی (639/0)، نگرش محیط‌زیستی (568/0) و آموزش (479/0) و دانش و رفتار محیط‌زیستی (320/0) رابطه مثبت و معناداری مشاهده شد (01/0p≤). به‌طورکلی می‌توان بیان نمود که آموزش نقش موثری در نگرش و رفتار مسئولانه دانش‌آموزان نسبت به محیط‌زیست دارد. از آن جایی ‎که فعالیت‎های ترویجی فعلی نقش کم‌رنگی در بهبود نگرش و رفتار محیط‌زیستی دانش‌آموزان در مناطق روستایی با منابع‌طبیعی رو به تهدید داشته است، بنابراین توجه بیشتر به امر آموزش در مناطق مطالعه شده ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Environmental Knowledge and the Effect of Environmental Education in Rural Schools of Chegeni City, Lorestan, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Mahdi Karami 1
  • Zeia Badehian 1
  • Maryam Bazvand 1
  • Akram Ahmadi 2
  • Mostafa Fereidouni 3
1 Lorestan University
2 Gonband Kavoos University
3 Tehran University
چکیده [English]

Evaluating the knowledge of students about the environment and studying the effect of environmental education especially in rural areas is essential. The present study was carried out in order to evaluate the environmental knowledge and the effect of environmental eucation in rural schools of Chegeni city, Lorestan, Iran. For this purpose, seven high schools were randomly selected from Chegeni city, Lorestan located in forest areas and 1000 students were trained via lectures, posters and educational films about natural resources. Among them, 300 individuals were randomly selected based on a Cochran formula to fill out the questionnaire as a statistical sample to study their view before and after training. To collect the required data, a questionnaire was developed and its validity and reliability was confirmed through the expert comments and primary test. The alpha cronbach coefficient was obtained 0.8, 0.9, 0.8, 0.7 and 0.8 for environmental behavior, knowledge, recognition and education, respectively. Different grades, average score, household income and parents' education level had no significant effect on awareness, attitude and their attitude, as well. There was a significant and positive relationship between environmental knowledge with environmental understanding (0.639), environmental attitude (0.569) and education variables (0.479) (p≤0.01). Moreover, the significant and positive relationship was observed between the variables of knowledge and environmental behavior (0.320) (p≤0.01). It can be concluded that education had an effective role in attitude and responsible behavior of the students towards the environment. Regarding the small role of promotion in improving environmental attitudes and behaviors of students in threatened natural resources of rural areas, it can be suggested that authorities should consider the environmental education and promotion especially in such areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Student
  • Promotion
  • Natural resources
  • Forest area
  • Chegeni city
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