مقایسه‌ تاثیر انرژی‌های فسیلی و تجدیدپذیر در انتشار گاز دی‌اکسیدکربن در کشورهای عضو اوپک و کشورهای آسیایی فاقد ذخایر نفتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

 
در این پژوهش، اثر مصرف انرژی‌های فسیلی و تجدیدپذیر بر انتشار گاز دی‌اکسید کربن در دو جامعه آماری کشورهای عضو اوپک و کشورهای آسیایی فاقد ذخایر نفتی در طی سال‌های 2013-1995 ارزیابی و مقایسه شد. با توجه به نتایج آزمون‌های ایستایی از رویکرد مدل هم‌جمعی پنل استفاده شد. هم‌چنین بر اساس نتایج آزمون‌های هم‌جمعی پدرونی و کائو به منظور برآورد رابطه بلندمدت و کوتاه‌مدت به ترتیب از روش‌های ﺣﺪاﻗﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎت معمولی اصلاح ‌شده (FMOLS) و مدل تصحیح خطا (ECM) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که در مقایسه با کشورهای آسیایی فاقد ذخایر نفتی، مصرف انرژی فسیلی در کشورهای عضو اوپک نقش بسیار بالاتری در افزایش انتشار آلودگی دارد. در مقابل، مصرف انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر در کشورهای فاقد ذخایر نفتی نقش نسبتا بالاتری در کاهش انتشار آلودگی دارد. هم‌چنین نتایج نشان داد که در هر دو جامعه آماری یک رابطه N  شکل میان سرانه تولید ناخالص داخلی و سرانه انتشار آلودگی برقرار است. با این تفاوت که در کشورهای عضو اوپک با افزایش رشد اقتصادی و در بازه‌ای از درآمد سرانه، انتشار آلودگی کاهش پیدا می‌کند؛ اما در کشورهای فاقد ذخایر نفتی با افزایش رشد اقتصادی، انتشار آلودگی به طور پیوسته در حال افزایش است و در هیچ بازه‌ای از درآمد سرانه، کاهش آلودگی مشاهده نمی‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Fossil and Renewable Energies Impacts on Carbon Dioxide Emissions in OPEC and Asian Countries without Oil Reserves

نویسندگان [English]

  • Navid Kargar dehbidi
  • Mohammad Bakhshoodeh
Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

 
In this study, the effect of fossil and renewable energies on environmental quality were evaluated and compared in two statistical societies (i.e. OPEC and Asian countries without oil reserves) in 1995-2013. According to stationary properties of the variables, the panel cointegration approach was applied to the data. Also, based on the results of Pedroni and Kao cointegration tests, the short-run and long-run relationships were estimated by Error Correction Model (ECM) and Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS), respectively. The results showed that the fossil energy consumption in OPEC countries plays a much higher role in increasing the spread of pollution than in the Asian countries without oil reserves. Conversely, renewable energy use in countries without oil reserves has a greater impact on reducing pollution and improving environment quality than in the OPEC. Also, the results showed that in both statistical societies, an N-shaped relationship exists between per capita gross domestic product and per capita emissions. With the difference that the emission of pollution in OPEC countries decreases with economic growth and in the interval of per capita income. But in countries without oil reserves, pollution emissions are steadily increasing with increasing per capita income and there is no reduction in pollution at any time.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • carbon dioxide emissions
  • Fossil Energy
  • Renewable Energy
  • OPEC
  • Countries without oil reserves
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