سنجش میزان همخوانی توسعه صنعتی با توان توسعه با به‌کارگیری روش تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره فازی در استان اردبیل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اردبیل

چکیده

برنامه‌ریزی و انتخاب مکان‌های مناسب برای مناطق صنعتی برای استفاده صحیح و پایدار از سرزمین به‌عنوان پایه آمایش سرزمین و راهکار رسیدن به توسعه پایدار می‌باشد. ازاین‌رو در نظر گرفتن این مکان‌ها و موقعیت جغرافیایی آن‌ها با ویژگی‌های محیط‌‌زیستی سرزمین که تعیین‌کننده توزیع و تعادل منطقه‌ای و استفاده حداکثر از قابلیت‌های محیط باشد می‌تواند کاهنده اثرات مخرب محیط‌‌زیستی صنایع باشد. در این تحقیق به‌منظور سنجش همخوانی صنعتی استان با استفاده از روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چند معیار فازی و به‌منظور بهبود برنامه‌ریزی توسعه‌ای و آمایش سرزمین از 16 معیار توپوگرافی، شیب، مناطق مسکونی، دسترسی به جاده، دسترسی به فرودگاه، آب‌های سطحی، عمق آب‌های زیرزمینی، کاربری فعلی اراضی، زمین‌شناسی، گسل، پوشش گیاهی، خطوط انتقال نیرو، بافت خاک، مناطق حفاظت‌شده، فاصله از چاه، تراکم پوشش گیاهی استفاده شد. مدل هیبریدی FDANP به‌منظور مکان‌یابی مناطق مناسب صنعتی در استان اردبیل توسعه یافت. نتایج مدل‌سازی نشان‌دهنده اهمیت بالای معیار رودخانه و سپس معیار کاربری اراضی در تعیین مناطق صنعتی می‌باشد. بررسی همخوانی نقاط صنعتی موجود در منطقه با مکان‌های دارای تناسب سرزمین در استان اردبیل نشان‌دهنده این می‌باشد که تنها 3 درصد از مناطق موجود در منطقه بر اساس اصول آمایشی و مدل آمایشی اجرا شده تطابق داشته و 97 درصد در مناطق نامساعد برای توسعه صنعتی قرار گرفتند. بنابراین، در استان اردبیل به‌منظور بهره‌برداری مناسب از فضای مطلوب و کاهش اثرات محیط‌‌زیستی عوامل باید اصول آمایش سرزمین و توسعه پایدار در برنامه‌ریزی‌های صنعتی در منطقه در آینده مورد توجه قرار گیرد تا بهینه‌ترین حالت همه عوامل محیط‌‌زیستی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی توسعه پایدار تامین شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Conformity of Industrial Development with the Development in Ardebil Province Using Fuzzy Multi Criteria Decision-Making Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Alipour Ardi 1
  • Bahman Jabbarian Amiri 1
  • Somayeh Foroug 2
1 Tehran University
2 Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch
چکیده [English]

Planning and selection suitable industrial zones locations for safe and sustainable use of land are as the basis for land use planning and approach to sustainable development. Therefore, considering these location and geographical positions with environmental characterize that determine distribution and regional balance and maximum use of environment capabilities could mitigate degradation impact of industries on environment. In this study, to assess conformity of industrial in Ardabil province, Fuzzy Multi Criteria Decision Making model and to improve development and land use planning, 16 criteria such as topography, slope, residential areas, road access, airport access, surface water, groundwater deep, current land use, geology, fault, vegetation, electrical facilities, soil, protected areas, distance from wells, vegetation density was used. FDANP hybrid model developed to locate areas of industrial in Ardabil province. The modeling results indicate importance of river criteria and then land use in industrial areas. Verify conformity of current industries in region with suitable area in Ardabil province indicates that only 3 percent of areas in region are matched on land use planning and spatial planning approach and 97 percent in areas are in unsuitable for industrial development. Therefore, the principles of land use planning and sustainable development be considered in industrial planning on region in future to proper operation of optimal space and reduce impact agents on environmental, until the most optimal mode of all environmental, economic social and sustainable development be ensured.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • industrial development
  • Hybrid Model
  • Fuzzy dematel analytical network process
  • Land Use Planning
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