تمایل به پرداخت دفع ضایعات لامپ‌‌های فلورسنت در ساکنان شهر ایلام

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه ملایر

2 دانشگاه ایلام

چکیده

ضایعات لامپ‌‌های فلورسنت که حاوی جیوه هستند تهدیدی بالقوه برای سلامت انسان‌‌ها و محیط‌زیست به حساب می‌‌آیند. هنگام ورود جیوه به بدن این عنصر در سراسر بدن منتشر و در مغز و کلیه تجمع می‌‌یابد و سبب تغییر در عملکرد عصبی و کلیوی می‌‌شود. بنابراین بازیافت لامپ‌‌های فلورسنت خطرات بالقوه محیط‌زیستی را کاهش می‌‌دهد. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش ارزشگذاری مشروط، تمایل به پرداخت ساکنان شهر ایلام برای شرکت در برنامه‌‌های بازیافت این لامپ‌‌ها بررسی شده است. برای اندازه‌‌گیری میزان تمایل پرداخت از مدل لاجیت استفاده و بر اساس روش حداکثر درست‌نمایی، پارامترهای این مدل برآورد شد. نتایج نشان داد که 1/77 درصد افراد بررسی شده در این مطالعه حاضر به پرداخت مبلغی برای بازیافت لامپ‌‌های فلورسنت هستند و متوسط تمایل به پرداخت 14500 ریال برآورد شد. بر پایه نتایج مدل رگرسیونی، متغیرهای درآمد کل، تحصیلات، پیشنهاد، تعداد اعضای خانواده، تعداد لامپ‌‌های فلورسنت مورد استفاده در محل زندگی، شارژ لامپ‌‌های سوخته، دلایل امتناع از پرداخت و آگاهی از میزان خطرات لامپ‌‌ها، مهمترین عوامل موثر بر میزان تمایل به پرداخت خانوارهای ایلامی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Willingness to Pay for the Disposal of Fluorescent Lamp Waste in the Residents of Ilam

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Mohammadyari 1
  • Kamran Shayesteh 1
  • Amir Modaberi 2
  • Fozieh Bigmohammadi 1
1 Malayer University
2 Ilam University
چکیده [English]

Waste fluorescent lamps that contain mercury are a potential threat to human health and the environment are considered. When entering the body of the element mercury throughout the body and accumulate in the brain and kidneys and alters the neural and kidney function. So Recycling of fluorescent lamps thus reduce the potential environmental risks.In this study, using contingent valuation, willingness to pay for Ilam city residents to participate in recycling programs, these lamps have been investigated. Logit model used to measure the amount of willingness to payments and the maximum likelihood method, the parameters of the model were estimated. the results showed that 77.1 percent of those surveyed in this study are willing to pay for the recycling of fluorescent lamps and the average willingness to pay was estimated at Rails 14500. Based on the results of the regression model, the variables of income, education, Number of family members, the number of fluorescent lamps used in home, Charge lamp burned reasons for refusing to pay and be aware of the risks lamps, factors affecting households willingness to pay for Ilam.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Waste fluorescent lamps
  • Electronic waste
  • Recycling
  • Willingness to Pay (WTP)
  • Contingent Value Method (CVM)
  • Logit Model
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