ارایه مدلی برای ارتقای رفتار شهروند محیطی کارکنان دانشگاه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه ایلام

چکیده

اکنون‌که رفتار شهروندی سازمانی بسیار با‌اهمیت تلقی می‌شود، رفتار شهروندی محیطی نیز می‌تواند در جهت حفظ و بقای محیط‌زیست مورد توجه قرار گیرد. این پژوهش باهدف تدوین مدلی برای ارتقای رفتار شهروندی محیط‌زیستی در بین کارکنان دانشگاه انجام ‌شده است. روش تحقیق به‌صورت توصیفی پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری کلیه کارکنان دانشگاه ایلام که به تعداد 487 نفر می‌باشند به‌صورت تصادفی و با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، تعداد 213 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. جمع‌آوری اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسشنامه استاندارد و محقق ساخته انجام ‌شده است. پایایی پرسش‌نامه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های پژوهش 70/0 و روایی پرسشنامه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ها توسط متخصصان و خبرگان دانشگاهی تایید شده است. روایی سازه به‌وسیله تحلیل عاملی تاییدی به‌دست‌آمده است. تجزیه‌وتحلیل در سطح آمار توصیفی و در قالب جدول‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های توزیع فراوانی و در سطح آمار استنباطی با استفاده از تحلیل مسیر انجام‌ گرفته است. در این پژوهش نتایج نشان می‌دهد که رابطه بین اقدام‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های محیطی مدیریت با تعهد محیطی با ضریب مسیر 65/0، تعهد محیطی کارکنان با رفتار شهروندی محیطی با ضریب مسیر 96/0، مورد تایید قرار گرفت. همچنین نقش تعدیل‌گر باور‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های محیطی کارکنان و ادراک حمایت سازمانی به ترتیب با ضرایب مسیر 42/0 و 65/0 مورد تایید قرار گرفت. در این پژوهش نقش واسطه‌ایی تعهد محیطی نیز با ضریب مسیر 17/0 تایید شد. بر اساس نتایج حاصل از این تحقیق اقدام‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های مدیریتی محیطی از طریق تعهد محیطی کارکنان با رفتار شهروندی کارکنان رابطه مثبت دارد. باور‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های محیطی کارکنان رابطه بین اقدام‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های مدیریتی محیطی و تعهد محیطی کارکنان را تعدیل می‌کند و ادراک حمایت سازمانی رابطه بین اقدام‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های مدیریتی محیطی و تعهد محیطی کارکنان را تعدیل می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Offer a Model for Upgrade EnvironmentalCitizen Behavior of Staff (Case Study, Public University Ilam)

نویسندگان [English]

  • zeinab tolabi
  • Yasan Poorashraf
  • Hosein Zalaghe
Ilam University
چکیده [English]

Given the utmost importance of organizational citizenship behavior, it is essential to consider environmental citizenship behavior for the preservation and survival of the environment. The present study aimed to develop a model to promote environmental citizenship behavior among university personnel. In the present descriptive survey, the statistical population included all employees in the University of Ilam (N=487). Based on the Cochran's formula, a total of 213 participants were randomly selected. The data collection instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.70, and its validity was evaluated by university professors and experts. The factor structure of the questionnaire was checked by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Descriptive statistics (frequency counts) and inferential statistics (path analysis) were used to analyze the data. The results showed that the relationship between management environmental actions and environmental commitment (path coefficient = 0.65), employees’ environmental commitment and environmental citizenship behavior (path coefficient = 0.96) were confirmed. In addition, the moderating roles of employees’ environmental beliefs and perceptions of organizational support were confirmed with path coefficients of 0.42 and 0.65, respectively. Additionally, the mediating role of environmental commitment was also confirmed with a path coefficient of 0.17. The findings indicated that environmental management actions had a positive relationship with employee’s citizenship behavior through employee’s environmental commitment. Furthermore, employees’ environmental beliefs played a moderating role in the relationship between environmental management actions and employees’ environmental commitment. Further, the perceptions of organizational support moderated the relationship between environmental management actions and employees’ environmental commitment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental liability
  • Environmental management practices
  • organizational citizenship behavior
  • Environmental beliefs
  • Perceived organizational suppor
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