Natural Landscape Design Principles of Protected Areas with Emphasis on IUCN Criteria

Document Type : Original Article



Two comprehensively opposite views on interaction between human and nature have been defined. Firstly, human as conservationist and even reviver of the nature and secondly, human adverse as an interfering factor. Therefore, motives, reasons and, development plans which are prepared to use nature would be different with each other. Considering the extension of damages to nature, international organizations and unions decided to identify and determine unique natural areas throughout the world that need protection, maintenance and introduction as world natural heritages. Consequently, protected areas as vast lands with high conservation values are defined to conserve their biodiversities and protect them as natural heritages that should be utilized by future generations.
So, in current research descriptive- analytic research method is used to analyze, latest IUCN perspectives and guidelines in natural conservation and assign landscape design principles in protected areas. The results suggest that focusing on accompanied design with ecological, social and cultural context values and considering to the indigenous features and restoration design for promoting natural beauties are the basic principles in regenerative landscape design in these areas.