عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Protection of the environment and preventing its degradation have become one of the most important challenges of the international community. The present study attempts to identify factors affecting this issue. Political economy approach has been used to study the effects of corruption and political instability on environmental performance index, in selected countries in the Middle East, including Iran, over the years 2002 to 2012, using panel data. In the model presented in this paper, environmental performance index is used to indicate the quality of the environment. The control of corruption and political stability indices are used to indicate the corruption variables and political instability variables, as well. Environmental performance index, as a synthetic indicator of the quality of the environment and sustainable development, does not focus solely on indicators of environmental pollution; and this is the advantage of the index. As the results show, political stability and control of corruption have a significant positive effect on the environmental performance of selected countries in the Middle East. From the results it can be concluded that focus on institutional reform policies in these countries, with an emphasis on changes leading to political stability to deal effectively with corruption, is very important.