برآورد توانمندی توسعه پایدار با کاربرد شاخص‌های منفرد و ترکیبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه ملایر

چکیده

مهم‌ترین جاذبه توسعه پایدار در جامع‌نگرى آن است. اگرچه مشکلات خاص و گسترده باعث شده توجه و تأکید کشورهای جهان سوم بیشتر بر حصول توسعه باشد تا پایداری آن، اما باید توجه داشت حذف شکاف کنونی میان دو دنیای توسعه یافته و درحال توسعه بدون پایداری فرایند توسعه امکان‌پذیر نیست. پایداری ریشه خود را در میان پایداری اکولوژیکی دارد. از سوی دیگر، توسعه پایدار حل چالش بین ابعاد اقتصادی و طبیعی است. در فرآیند توسعه پایدار، نقش پایداری اجتماعی در تحقق اهداف توسعه پایدار بسیار پر اهمیت است و در بسیاری از مواقع عوامل کالبدی نیز به شیوه‌های مختلف متأثر می‌شوند. بنابراین، باید گفت پایداری زمانی فراهم می‌شود که مجموعه‌ای از پایداری اجتماعی با هدف عدالت اجتماعی، پایداری اقتصادی با هدف بقای اقتصادی و پایداری محیط‌زیستی با هدف تعادل اکولوژیک به وجود می‌آید. نگرش توسعه پایدار بر این اندیشه است که فن‌آوری نمی‌تواند هرگونه کاهش منابع‌طبیعی را جبران سازد و سرمایه طبیعی مکمل سرمایه انسان ساخت است. با توجه به اهمیت موضوع اندازه‌گیری یا برآورد میزان پایداری یا حتی قرار گرفتن در مسیر دستیابی به آن، هدف‌گذاری و تصمیم‌گیری در فرآیند برنامه‌ریزی و مدیریت، تعیین مجموعه‌ای از شاخص‌ها ضروری به نظر می‌رسد. انتخاب ترکیب مناسب از شاخص‌ها و همچنین شناسایی شاخص‌های کلیدی، هشدار دهنده و هماهنگ می‌تواند پایداری را تضمین نموده و مسیر حرکت را اصلاح نماید. شاخص‌های پایداری خصوصاً زمانی‌که به‌صورت ترکیبی استفاده می‌شوند، ابزارهای ارزشمندی برای ارزیابی عملکرد کشورها و مقایسه آن‌ها در زمینه توسعه پایدار قلمداد می‌شوند. در همین راستا، در پژوهش حاضر علاوه بر ذکر شاخص‌های منفرد، برخی از این شاخص‌های ترکیبی از جمله شاخص‌های جای پای بوم‌شناختی، شاخص پایداری محیط‌زیست، شاخص عملکرد محیط‌زیست، شاخص مازاد تولید طبیعی، شاخص پس‌انداز خالص، شاخص آسیب‌پذیری محیط‌زیست، شاخص توسعه انسانی، تولید ناخالص داخلی و نیز مدلی با عنوان چارچوب فشار- وضعیت موجود- واکنش معرفی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimates of Sustainable Development Capacity with the Application of Single and Combined Indexes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parisa Norouzifard
  • Mir Mehrdad Mirsanjari
University of malayer
چکیده [English]

 
The main attraction of sustainable development is its community orientation. However, specific and widespread problems have attracted attention in most developing countries to achieve more development for stability. However, it must be noted that without removing the existing gap between the developed and developing world no sustainable development is possible. Sustainability has its origins in the ecological sustainability and comprises solving challenges of economic and natural dimensions. In the process of sustainable development, the role of social sustainability is very important in the realization of sustainable development goals, and in many circumstances various factors are also affected. We can say that sustainability is achieved when social sustainability with the aim of social justice, economic stability and environmental sustainability towards ecological balance are realized. This sustainable development approach is based on the idea that technology cannot make up for any reduction in natural resources and natural capital supplements and human construction capital. Considering the importance of the issue, measuring or estimating the stability or even being on the right track to meet these targets and using them in the decision-making for planning and management, requires a set of indicators. Selecting the right combination of indicators and the identification of key ones that are also alarming and coordinated can guarantee stability. Sustainability indicators, especially when used in combination, provide valuable tools for evaluating performance of countries and comparing them in the context of sustainable development. In this regard, in the present study in addition to the individual indicators, some of these combined indicators, including Index of Ecological Footprint, Environmental Sustainability Index, Environmental Performance Index, Surplus Bio-capacity Index, Environmental Vulnerability Index, Human Development Index, Genuine Saving Index, as well as a model with Pressure- State- Response is introduced.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social
  • Economic
  • sustainable development
  • Index
  • Environmental
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