پهنه‌‌بندی خطر سیلاب در حوضه‌‌ی آبخیز آق‌‌لاقان‌‌چای با استفاده از مدل ANP

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

چکیده

سیلاب از جمله بلایای طبیعی در مناطق کوهستانی است. شناخت نواحی مستعد وقوع سیلاب، یکی از اقدام‌های اساسی در مدیریت منابع طبیعی و برنامه‌‌ریزی توسعه‌‌ای است. حوضه‌‌ی آبخیز آق‌‌لاقان‌‌چای به لحاظ شرایط موجود در منطقه شامل توپوگرافی و اقلیمی، بسیار مستعد برای شکل‌‌گیری سیلاب و رواناب است و این امر خسارت‌های زیادی را به سکونت‌‌گاه‌‌های روستایی، مزارع و راه‌‌های ارتباطی وارد می‌‌کند. همچنین وقوع این پدیده، ضمن افزایش فرسایش‌‌پذیری خاک و هدررفت منابع با ارزش خاک، موجب تشدید پر شدن مخزن سد یامچی نیز می‌‌شود. بنابراین، هدف تحقیق حاضر، پهنه‌‌بندی حوضه‌‌ی مورد مطالعه از لحاظ پتانسیل وقوع سیلاب است. در این مطالعه ابتدا با بررسی‌‌های میدانی و مطالعه منابع، نه عامل به عنوان عوامل موثر برای ایجاد سیلاب در منطقه شناسایی شدند. این عوامل شامل شیب، جهت شیب، لیتولوژی، ارتفاع، فاصله از آبراهه، بارش، دما، کاربری اراضی و خاک است. سپس لایه‌‌های اطلاعاتی در سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی تهیه شد. ارزش‌‌گذاری و استاندارد‌‌سازی نقشه‌‌های معیار به صورت توام با استفاده از روش فازی انجام شد. جهت وزن‌‌دهی عوامل از روش فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌‌ای (ANP) استفاده شد. در نهایت، نقشه‌‌ی حاصله در پنج رده‌‌ی با خطر بسیار کم تا خطر بسیار زیاد طبقه‌‌بندی شد. طبق نتایج به دست آمده، عوامل شیب، لیتولوژی و خاک بیشترین تاثیر را بر ایجاد سیل در حوضه‌‌ی آق‌‌لاقان‌‌چای دارند. همچنین، با توجه به نقشه پهنه‌‌بندی خطر سیلاب، به ترتیب 18 و 22 درصد از مساحت حوضه، در طبقه خطر بسیار زیاد و خطر زیاد قرار دارد. به طورکلی نتایج مطالعه نشان می‌‌دهد که حوضه آق لاقان چای دارای توان بسیار بالا از لحاظ رخداد سیلاب می‌‌باشد. بنابراین، انجام اقدام‌های حفاظتی، آبخیزداری و مدیریتی در حوضه‌‌ی مورد مطالعه ضروری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Flood Hazard Zonation in the Aghlaghan Chay Watershed Using by ANP Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • aghil madadi
  • elnaz piroozi
  • somayye parastar
Mohaghegh Ardabili University
چکیده [English]

Flood is one of the natural disasters in mountainous area. Recognition of susceptible areas for happening flood is also one of the main steps in natural resources management and development planning. Aghlaghan chay watershed due to the existing condition in the area, such as topography and continental issues, is very susceptible for flood formation which causes happing so many damages to rural habitation, farms and ways of communication. The occurring of this phenomenone with increase erosion of soil and loss of valuable resources of it, causes to increase in filling the cistern of Yamchi Dam. Therefore, the purpose of this study is area paitition of the area interms of potential of the flood happening. In this study, first whit field investigation and studying of resources, nine factors are recognized as the effective factors for making and happening flood. These factors are: slope, aspect, lithology, elevation, rainfall, temperature, landuse, distance from drainage and use of soil. Then informational layers are provided in Geographical Information System (GIS). Valuation and standardization of maps are conjoined with the use of the Fuzzy method. For overall weight factor, we used (ANP) models. Finally, the obtained map is classified in five categories from very low to very high risk. According to the results, the factors like: Slope, lithology and soil have the most effect on happening flood in Aghlaghan chay basin. Also According to the catchment map, risk of happening flood exists respectively from 18 and 22 percent of the area of watershed from very high risk class to high risk class. All in all, the results of the study show that the Aghlaghan chay basin has very high potential in terms of happening flood, so accomplishment of conservation, watershed and management works and steps in the area of study is important and necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • zonation
  • flood
  • Aghlaghan chay
  • ANP Model
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