ارزیابی نقش طراحی معماری در ایجاد رفتارهای پایدار در کاربری مسکونی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز

چکیده

طراحی در جهت ایجاد رفتارهای پایدار، حوزه جدید پژوهشی است که به کاهش پیامدهای اجتماعی و محیط‌‌زیستی ساختمان‌‌ها در جریان بهره‌‌برداری از آن‌‌ها، از طریق تغییر عادت‌های کاربران و وادار کردن آن‌‌ها به بهبود رفتارهای خود به طرق مختلف می‌‌پردازد. بخش زیادی از این پیامدها، مرتبط با مصرف انرژی در ساختمان‌‌ها است. در میان تئوری‌‌های مطرح‌‌ شده در این حوزه، به نظر می‌‌رسد به بسترهای فرهنگی مختلف و محدودیت‌‌هایی که طراحی در شکل ‌‌دادن به رفتار در جهت کاهش مصرف انرژی دارد، کمتر توجه شده است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، ارزیابی چگونگی تاثیرگذاری طراحی معماری بر رفتار، برای کاهش مصرف انرژی است. بر این اساس، این فرضیه مطرح شد که طراحی معماری می‌‌تواند از طریق غلبه بر فرهنگ مصرفی نامناسب و تغییر شکل رفتار، در جهت کاهش مصرف انرژی و تحقق رفتار پایدار گام بردارد. در این مطالعه ترکیبی (کمی، کیفی) از نوع همبستگی، طرح مدل‌‌یابی معادله‌های ساختاری، از تحقیق پیمایشی استفاده شد. جامعه آماری، ساکنان شهر شیراز در بهمن‌‌ماه 1395 و حجم نمونه، به کمک فرمول کوکران، 385 نفر (به‌‌منظور اطمینان بیشتر 400 نفر)، به روش غیراحتمالی ترکیبی انتخاب شد. پس از تایید روایی صوری، محتوایی، سازه و پایایی پرسشنامه محقق ‌‌ساخته، همبستگی متغیرها و فرضیه‌‌ها با نرم‌‌افزارهای آماری SPSS16 و AMOS22 ارزیابی و اثبات شد. یافته‌‌ها بیانگر تاثیرگذاری فرهنگ، معماری و رفتار بر میزان مصرف انرژی است. در نهایت، ضمن معرفی فرهنگ به‌‌عنوان یکی از موانعی که طراحی، در شکل ‌‌دادن به رفتار برای کاهش مصرف انرژی دارد، بر ضرورت اصلاح محیط به‌‌گونه‌‌ای که افراد را به سمت‌‌و‌‌سوی موردنظر هدایت کند، تاکید شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Role of Architectural Design in Creating Sustainable Behaviors in Residential Buildings

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Keshmiri
  • Marzieh Gholampour
Islamic Azad University of Shiraz
چکیده [English]

Design for Sustainable Behaviors is a new field of research that aims to reduce the social and environmental consequences of buildings in their life cycles, through changing users’ habits and forcing them to improve their behaviors in different ways. A large part of these consequences is related to energy consumption in buildings. Among the proposed theories in this area, it seems that less attention has been paid to different cultural contexts and the barriers of design methods in shaping behavior to reduce energy consumption. The purpose of this study is to investigate how architectural design affects behavior to reduce energy consumption. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that architectural design can reduce energy consumption and realize sustainable behavior through overcoming inappropriate utilization culture and behavior transforming. A survey was conducted in this mixed-method (quantitative and qualitative), Correlation type, and Structural equation modeling study. Shiraz residents in February 2017 were determined as the statistical population. 385 people were determined as the sample size based on the Cochran formula, and by the Non-Probability sampling method. The correlation of variables was assessed, and the hypotheses were proved using statistical software SPSS16 and AMOS22, after confirmation of Face validity, content validity, construct validity and reliability of the researcher-made questionnaire. The results prove the impact of culture, architecture, and behavior on energy consumption. Finally, in addition to introducing culture as a barrier to designing in shaping behavior to reduce energy consumption, the necessity of environmental modification in a way that leads users toward the desired direction, was emphasized.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable behaviors
  • Architectural Design
  • Utilization culture
  • energy consumption
  • Residential Buildings
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