عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Energy consumption directly increases the environmental pollutants, global warming, greenhouse gasses as well as the social costs. Therefore, all industrial countries have addressed the protection of environment along with improving energy efficiency and economic efficiency for sustainable development, especially after the Kyoto Protocol. Having identified extremely high energy intensities and high potential for energy savings in different sectors of energy production and consumption in our country and also the national and international facilities and forces, a comprehensive program must be prepared to ensure a sustainable development. In order to manage the energy supply and demands, low efficient technologies for energy production and conversion and irrational use of energy must be corrected. In present paper, a brief overview of energy production, conversion and consumption and GHG emissions in IRAN are given. Afterwards, the technology needs assessment for different sectors of energy is addressed and the hierarchy for setting priorities on technologies is determined.