تحلیل و ارزیابی شاخص‌‌های ادراکی ‌‌زیست‌پذیری شهری ‌‌(مطالعه شهروندان شهر یاسوج)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد تمام جغرافیا برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار جغرافیا برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران

3 دکتری جغرافیا برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه ‌شهرها با مشکلات عدیده‌‌ای در زمینه‌های اقتصادی، اجتماعی، محیط‌زیستی و کالبدی همچون کاهش زیست‌پذیری و کمرنگ‌تر شدن اهمیت اکولوژی شهری در ساختار زندگی شهری مواجه هستند. بنابراین ضرورت و اهمیت توجه به نظریه توسعه پایدار و رویکردهای منتج از آن همچون رویکرد زیست‌پذیری، سبب ایجاد شهری به دور از مشکلات اقتصادی، اجتماعی، محیط‌زیستی و کالبدی خواهند شد. با توجه به مطالب فوق مقاله حاضر با هدف ارزیابی وضعیت شاخص‌‌های (ادراکی و ذهنی) زیست‌پذیری شهر یاسوج به دنبال تبیین علمی‌تر و نگاه کارشناسانه‌تر بر عوامل آن است. بر این اساس با توجه به مطالعه ادبیات نظری مربوط به زیست‌پذیری، چارچوب مفهومی متشکل از عوامل هشت‌گانه، برای بررسی تدوین و مبانی تحقیق و تحلیل قرار گرفته است. برای دستیابی به این هدف، با بهره‌گیری از روش کتابخانه‌ای- پیمایشی و ابزار پرسشنامه محقق ساخته؛ 384 نفر از شهروندان ساکن نواحی 4 گانه شهر یاسوج به روش نمونه گیری احتمالی (نصادفی ساده) مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته و جهت بررسی زیست‌پذیری شهری از 4 شاخص ‌‌(اجتماعی، کالبدی، اقتصادی، محیط زیستی) با 52 گویه استفاده شده است. به منظور وزن‌‌دهی شاخص‌‌ها از تکنیک آنتروپی شانون و برای رتبه‌‌بندی نواحی و تصادفی یا خوشه‌‌ای بودن وضعیت شاخص‌‌های زیست‌پذیری شهری به ترتیب از تکنیک‌‌‌‌های آنتروپی شانون، کوپراس و آمار خودهمبستگی فضایی موران و از نرم‌افزارهای‌‌ Spss و Arc Gis استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصل از پژوهش نشان می‌‌دهد که الگوی توزیع فضایی شاخص‌‌های زیست‌پذیری ادراکی در شهر یاسوج به صورت خوشه‌‌ای می‌‌باشد. همچنین یافته‌‌های دیگر پژوهش نشانگر این می‌‌باشد که وضعیت شاخص‌‌های زیست‌پذیری در تکنیک کوپراس نشان می‌دهد که شاخص اقتصادی با Qi (053/0) بالاترین رتبه و شاخص محیط‌زیستی با Qi (027/0) پایین ترین رتبه را در بین بقیه شاخص ها دارد. در انتها وضعیت کلی زیست‌پذیری در سطح نواحی 4 گانه شهر یاسوج، نامناسب می‌‌باشد. به طوری که که ناحیه 1 بهترین وضعیت و نواحی 2، 3 و 4 به ترتیب در رتبه‌‌های بعدی قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis and Evaluation of Cognitive Urban Livablety (Case Study of Citizens of Yasuj City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Esmaeil Aliakbari 1
  • Reza Mokhtari Malek Abadi 2
  • Seyed Chamran Mousavi 3
1 Profe. of Geography, Urban Planning, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Iran
2 Assoc. Profe. of Urban Planning Geography, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Iran
3 PhD in Urban Planning Geography, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, cities face many problems in the economic, social, environmental and physical fields such as reducing the viability and diminishing the importance of urban ecology in the urban housing structure. Therefore, the necessity and importance of paying attention to sustainable development theory and its resulting approaches, such as the habitability approach, will create a city away from the economic, social, environmental and physical problems. According to the above, the present article aims at evaluating the status (perceptual and mental) of the indicators of Yazd city life after more scientific explanation and a more expert look on its factors. Accordingly, in view of the study of theoretical literature on survival, a conceptual framework consisting of octogenic factors has been developed to study the formulation of research and analysis. In order to achieve this goal, using a library-survey method and a researcher-made questionnaire, 384 residents of the four areas of Yasouj city were evaluated by probabilistic sampling method (simple denomination) and examined for bioavailability A city of 4 indicators (social, physical, economic, environmental) with 52 items has been used. In order to weigh the indicators, the Shannon entropy technique and for ranking the regions and the randomness or clustering of the status of urban biomass indicators, respectively, were from the Shannon entropy, Coopers and Muran spatial relationship statistics And Spss and Arc Gis software have been used. The results of the research show that the spatial distribution pattern of perceptual bioequivalence indicators in the city of Yasuj is clustered. Other findings of the study also indicate that the status of bioaccumulation indices in the Cooper's technique shows that the economic index with Qi (0.053) is the highest and the environmental index with Qi (0.027) is the lowest Among other indicators. In the end, the general status of habitat is inappropriate on the level of four areas of Yasuj city. So that area 1 is the best situation and areas 2, 3 and 4 are ranked respectively, respectively

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Livablety
  • City livablety
  • sustainable development
  • Quality of Life
  • City of Yasuj
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