تبیین ارزیابی راهبردی محیط زیستی در سیاست‌‌های توسعه شهری (مطالعه موردی: شهرستان کرمانشاه)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای شهرسازی، گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

2 استاد، گروه شهرسازی، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشکده محیط‌زیست، پردیس فنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت ارزیابی راهبردی محیط‌‌زیستی در اسناد سیاست‌‌گذاری توسعه، هدف پژوهش غربالگری سیاست‌‌های توسعه در شهرستان کرمانشاه و ارایه الگویی تلفیقی از اصول و معیارهای پایداری است. رویکرد پژوهش کاربردی و معطوف به روش‌‌های تحلیلی ارزیابی راهبردی محیط‌‌زیستی و تحلیل سلسله‌‌‌مراتبی AHP است. در این فرآیند 9 سیاست از تحلیل محتوای طرح‌‌های فرادست شهرستان کرمانشاه استخراج، غربالگری، تحلیل اصول و معیارها در قالب پرسشنامه به تعداد 18 نفر از کارشناسان و صاحب‌‌نظران مرتبط با مسایل توسعه و محیط‌‌زیست در شهرستان کرمانشاه که با روش نمونه‌‌گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند، جهت وزن‌‌دهی و ارزش‌‌گذاری انجام شد. یافته‌‌ها پس از مرحله غربالگری نشان داد که سیاست توسعه صنایع بزرگ و سنگین (پالایشگاه و پتروشیمی) برای انجام ارزیابی راهبردی محیط‌‌زیستی در اولویت است. برآیند اصول و معیارها توسط نرم‌‌افزارChoice Expert تجزیه و تحلیل شد و اصول و معیارهای توسعه اقتصادی محلی و خودکفا با وزن نهایی 040/1 و تعیین اراضی بر اساس قابلیت و توان اکولوژیکی با وزن نهایی 862/0 بالاترین امتیاز و تمرکززدایی از ساختار اداری با وزن نهایی 009/0کمترین امتیاز را دارد. با وجود اینکه اتخاذ این سیاست سبب توسعه نسبی شهرستان کرمانشاه شده و طبق نتایج ارزیابی راهبردی محیط‌‌زیستی تحقیق هر چند از بعد اجتماعی، اقتصادی، نهادی حایز اهمیت است و آثار و پیامدهایی در توسعه اقتصادی محدوده دارد ولی آثار و پیامدهای عدم توجه به ملاحظات محیط‌‌زیستی و توان اکولوژیک حوزه‌‌های استقرار صنایع بزرگ در درازمدت منجر به کم کردن آثار اجتماعی، اقتصادی و نهادی می‌‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining Strategic Environmental Assessment in Urban Development Policies (Case Study: Kermanshah County)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shima Homaee 1
  • Manouchehr Tabibian 2
  • Esmail Salehi 3
1 PhD Student urban Planning, Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
2 Profe. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Assoc. Profe. College of Environment, Faculty of Technical, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Given the importance of strategic environmental assessment in development policy documents The purpose of this research is to screen development policies in Kermanshah county And providing a model is a combination of principles and criteria of sustainability. The research approach is applied And focuses on analytical methods of strategic environmental assessment and AHP hierarchical analysis. In this process, 9 policies were extracted from the content analysis of the above-mentioned plans of Kermanshah county Screening and analysis of principles and criteria in the form of a questionnaire was performed on 18 experts and thinkers related to development and environmental issues in Kermanshah county Which were selected by snowball sampling method, were done for weighting and evaluation. Findings after the screening phase showed that Large and heavy industry development policy (refineries and petrochemicals) is a priority for strategic environmental assessment. The results of the principles and criteria were analyzed by Choice Expert software And principles and criteria of local and self-sufficient economic development with a final weight of 1.040 And determination of lands based on ecological capability with a final weight of 0.862 Has the highest score And decentralization of the office structure with a final weight of 0.009 has the lowest score. Although the adoption of this policy has led to the relative development of Kermanshah county And according to the results of strategic environmental assessment, research, although socially, economically, institutionally important And has effects and consequences on economic development However, the effects and consequences of not paying attention to environmental considerations and the ecological potential of large industrial areas in the long run lead to a decrease in social, economic and institutional effects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Environmental Assessment
  • content analysis
  • Urban Development Policies
  • Kermanshah County
  • AHP hierarchical analysis
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