تاثیر اقدامات آبخیزداری بر خدمات فرهنگی زیست‌بوم مطالعه موردی: زیرحوضه ده‌چناشک (حوضه آبخیز چهل‌چای- استان گلستان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری گروه آبخیزداری، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه آبخیزداری، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، ایران

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر پژوهشی جدید در زمینه خدمات زیست‌بوم و به‌طور اختصاصی خدمات فرهنگی زیست‌بوم است. بنابراین، در این پژوهش به ارزیابی اثر اقدامات آبخیزداری (برنامه‌های آموزشی و بیولوژیکی) بر خدمات فرهنگی زیست‌بوم از دیدگاه آبخیزنشینان زیرحوضه ده‌چناشک و کارشناسان پرداخته می‌شود. با توجه به هدف موردنظر، چهار معیار شامل تعامل و ماندگاری جوامع‌محلی، زیبایی و جذب گردشگر در منطقه و آموزش در قالب پرسشنامه در نظر گرفته شد. همچنین تحلیل آماری در نرم‌افزار SPSS صورت پذیرفت. نتایج نشان داد تاثیر اقدامات آبخیزداری بر خدمات فرهنگی زیست‌بوم یکسان نبوده و بیشترین تاثیر به‌ترتیب مربوط به معیار آموزش، زیبایی و جذب گردشگر در منطقه، تعامل و ماندگاری جوامع‌محلی است. به‌عبارتی، هر چند تمامی شاخص‌های مورد بررسی معیارها با اقدامات اجرا شده دارای همبستگی معنی‌داری در سطح 01/0 می‌باشند، اما شاخص امنیت، مهاجرت به داخل روستا و زیبایی از دیدگاه آبخیزنشینان مورد پذیرش قرار نگرفته است. همچنین بر اساس اولویت‌بندی، میانگین شاخص اعتماد به کارشناسان (01/8) بیشتر از شاخص آگاهی دانش ذی‌نفعان (98/7)، رعایت حقوق دیگران (61/7)، بهبود روابط (21/7)، جذب گردشگر (07/7)، زیبایی منطقه (45/6)، استفاده صحیح از منابع (32/6)، مهاجرت به خارج روستا (20/6)، درگیری‌ها و نزاع (37/5)، امنیت جوامع‌محلی (28/5) و مهاجرت به داخل روستا (70/4) است. به‌عبارتی، در میان شاخص‌های مذکور، بیشترین و کمترین تاثیرپذیری به‌ترتیب مربوط به شاخص اعتماد به کارشناسان و مهاجرت به داخل روستا است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Watershed Management Measures on Cultural Services of Ecosystem Case Study: Dehchenashk Sub-Watershed (Chehl Chai Watershed- Golestan province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • zeinab karimi 1
  • Vahedberdi Sheikh 2
  • amir sadoddin 2
1 Former Ph.D Student Dept. of Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
2 Associate Profe. Dept. of Watershed Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study is a new research in the field of ecosystem services and specifically ecosystem cultural services. Therefore, in this study, the effect of watershed management measures (educational and biological programs) on ecosystem cultural services from the stakeholder’s point of views of dehchenashak sub-watershed and experts is discussed. According to the purpose, 4 criteria including: relationship and durability of local communities, landscape aesthetic and tourist attraction and education were considered in the form of a questionnaire. Also, Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS software. The results showed that, the effect of watershed management measures on ecosystem cultural services has not been the same and the greatest effect is related to the criteria of education, landscape aesthetic and tourist attraction, relationship and durability of local communities, respectively. In other words, although all the studied indicators of the criteria have a significant correlation with the implemented measures at the level of 0.01, but the indicators of security, migration into village and aesthetic from the stakeholder’s point of views were not accepted. Also based on prioritization, indicator average the trust to experts (8.01) more than stakeholder knowledge awareness indicator (7.98), respect for the rights of others (7.61), improvement of relations (7.21), tourist attraction (7.07), landscape aesthetic (45.45) 6) correct use of resources (6.32), migration outside village (6.20), conflicts and disputes (5.37), security of local communities (5.28) and migration into village (4.70). In other words, among the mentioned indicators, the highest and lowest impacts are related to the indicator of trust to experts and migration into village, respectively.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education
  • Watershed management measures
  • Prioritization
  • questionnaire survey
  • Cultural ecosystem service Dehchenashak Sub-Watershed
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