تاثیر رشد اقتصادی بر رابطه بین مصرف انرژی و آلودگی محیط زیست در کشورهای D8: رویکرد رگرسیون انتقال ملایم پانلی (PSTR)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مطالعه بررسی و مقایسه تاثیرات آستانه‌‌ای رشد اقتصادی بر رابطه مصرف انرژی و آلودگی محیط‌زیست در کشورهای D8 طی دوره‌ی زمانی 2015-1990 می‌باشد. برای این منظور از مدل رگرسیونی انتقال ملایم پانلی (PSTR) که برای داده‌های تابلویی ناهمگن بسیار مناسب است، استفاده شده است. بدین‌ترتیب رشد اقتصادی به عنوان متغیر انتقال مورد استفاده قرار گرفته شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که رابطه غیرخطی بین متغیرهای توضیحی و انتشاروجود داشته و رشد اقتصادی به صورت غیرمستقیم در نحوه اثرگذاری مصرف انرژی، جمعیت و ارزش افزوده صنعت بر انتشار گاز دی‌اکسید‌کربن موثر است. بر اساس نتایج آزمون‌های لازم، لحاظ نمودن تنها یک تابع انتقال با یک حد آستانه‌‌ای و دو رژیم برای برآورد غیرخطی مدل کفایت می‌کند. همچنین، لگاریتم مقدار آستانه‌‌ای متغیر انتقال برابر 3418/8 و پارامتر شیب برابر 4942/21 برآورد شده است. در رژیم اول مصرف انرژی، جمعیت و ارزش افزوده صنعت دارای تاثیر مثبت و معناداری بر انتشار دی‌اکسید‌کربن بوده که این تاثیر با عبور از حد آستانه‌‌ای و در رژیم دوم (با سطح رشد اقتصادی بالا) برای متغیر جمعیت بیشتر شده است. همچنین در این رژیم اثر مصرف انرژی و ارزش افزوده صنعت بر انتشار کماکان مثبت بوده ولی مقدار آن در مقایسه با رژیم اول کاهش یافته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Economic Growth on the Relationship Between Energy Consumption and Pollution in D8 Countries: Panel Smooth Transition Regression Approach (PSTR)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Rezazadeh 1
  • Fahmide Fattahi 2
1 Assist. Profe. Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 PhD Student in Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to investigate The Threshold Effect of Economic Growth on the Relationship between Energy Consumption and environment Pollution in D8 Countries during the period 1990-2015. The panel smooth transition regression model (PSTR) is used for this purpose that is well proper for heterogeneous panel data. The Economic Growth used as the transition variable. The results show that there is a non-linear relationship between the explanatory variables and the dependent variable and relationship between energy consumption, population, Industry value added and co2 emissions indirectly is affected by Economic Growth. Estimated threshold value of transition variable is equal 8.3418 and the slope parameter is equal 21.4942 that contain only one transition function and only one threshold value. In the first regime, Energy consumption, population and Industry value added have a positive impact on co2 emissions. In the second regime that the amount of Economic Growth is greater than threshold value, positive impact of population on dependent variable has been intensified. In this regime the effect of Energy consumption and Industry value added on co2 emissions is positive but its impact is less than before.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth
  • energy consumption
  • CO2 Emissions
  • D8 countries
  • Panel Smooth Transition Regression
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