مدل‌سازی الگوی کاربری‌ اراضی شهرستان بهبهان در مقطع زمانی 1406 - 1378 با استفاده از سنجش از دور و سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه بهبهان

2 استادیار دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان

3 کارمند برنامه و بودجه

4 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

مدل‌سازی الگوی کاربری اراضی شهرستان بهبهان
در مقطع زمانی 1406 - 1378
با استفاده از سنجش از دور و سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی
 
 
 
 
فاطمه محمدیاری*1، حمیدرضا پورخباز2، حسین اقدر3، مرتضی توکلی4
 
1 کارشناسی ارشد ارزیابی و آمایش سرزمین،  دانشکده منابع‌طبیعی دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان، ایران
2 استادیار گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع‌طبیعی دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان، ایران
3 کارشناس ارشد سنجش از دور و GIS ،دانشکده علوم دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران
4 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، ایران
 
(تاریخ دریافت: 19/02/1396؛ تاریخ تصویب: 09/07/1397)
 
چکیده
زیستگاه‌‌های طبیعی از جمله مراتع و جنگل‌‌ها به عنوان یکی از مهمترین عناصر محیط‌زیست نقش بسیار مهمی در زندگی موجودات زنده و از جمله انسان دارند. در دهه‌‌های قبل و عصر حاضر توسعه شهری چنان بوده که به ایجاد عدم تعادل در چگونگی استفاده از اراضی شهری منجر شده و تبدیل کاربری‌‌های بکر به کاربری‌‌های شهری را در پی داشته است. در تحقیق حاضر برای پی بردن به تغییرات کاربری شهری، مرتعی و جنگل، شهر بهبهان، تصاویر ماهواره‌‌ لندست سنجنده‌‌های ETM+  سال 1378 و OLI سال 1392 تجزیه و تحلیل شد. برای پیش‌‌بینی روند تغییرات تا سال 1406 از نقشه‌‌های پتانسیل انتقال رگرسیون لجستیک و روش زنجیره مارکوف استفاده شد. نتایج بررسی مساحت‌‌ها در دوره اول (1392-1378) نشان می‌‌دهد که مساحت کاربری شهری از 1605 هکتار در سال 1378 به 3157 هکتار در سال 1392 افزایش یافته است. همچنین بیشترین تخریب در مراتع (6233 هکتار) و سپس جنگل‌‌ها رخ داده است. در دوره دوم نیز  (1406-1392) مساحت جنگل‌‌ها نسبت به سال 1392 بدون تغییر باقی‌مانده است اما روند افزایشی توسعه شهری و کاهشی مساحت مراتع در چشم‌انداز 1406 نیز ادامه خواهد داشت. همچنین در بازه زمانی مورد مطالعه تخریب اراضی کشاورزی برای تبدیل به مناطق مسکونی به طور چشمگیری افزایش یافته است به گونه‌‌ای که طی سال‌‌های 1378 تا 1392، 291 هکتار و در سال 1406، 626 هکتار از اراضی کشاورزی برای اهداف ساخت و ساز تخریب شده‌‌اند.
 
 
 
کلید واژه‌ها: توسعه شهری، مراتع، جنگل‌‌ها، رگرسیون لجستیک، زنجیره مارکوف
 
 
 
 

*نویسنده مسئول:                                                                               Email: m.fatima. 1364@gmail.com

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling land use pattern, city Behbahan city in the period 2000 - 2028 using remote sensing and GIS

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatemeh mohammadyari 1
  • hamidreza pourkhabbaz 2
  • hossien aghdar 3
  • Mortaza Tavakoly 4
1 behbahan university
2 Assist. Prof., of Environment Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology
3 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
4 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning TarbiatModarres University
چکیده [English]

Modeling Land Use Pattern, City Behbahan City in the
Period 2000 - 2028 Using Remote Sensing and GIS
 
 
 
 
Mohammadyari, F*1; Pourkhabbaz, H.R2;Aghdar, H3.; Tavakoly, M4
 
1 MSc of Evaluation and land use planning, Faculty of Natural Resources,
Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Iran
2 Assist. Profe. of Environment Department, Faculty of Natural Resources,
Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Iran
3 MSc. of Remote Sensing and GIS, Faculty of Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
4 Associ. Profe. of Geography Tarbit Modaress University of Technology, Iran
 
(Received: 2017/05/09; Accepted: 2018/10/02)
 
 
Abstract
Natural habitats such as rangelands and forests as one of the most sensitive elements of the environment and an important role in living organisms, including humans. In the decades before the present era of urban development has been such that an imbalance in the use of urban land led and pristine converted to urban land in others. In the present study to understand the changes in urban land, pasture and forest in Behbahan, images Landsat ETM + sensor OLI 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. CROSSTAB was used to assess the changes occurred. As well as to predict the trends of the year 2028 from the transmission potential maps logistic regression and Markov chain method was used. Results of the survey area in the first period (2000-2014) shows that urban land area of 1605 hectares in 2000 to 3157 ha in 2014 has increased. The most degradation of rangelands (6233 ha) and forests has occurred. The second period (2014-2028) compared to the 2014forest area remains unchanged, but increased urban development and reducing the area of pastures in Outlook 2028 will continue. In the period studied, the destruction of agricultural land for conversion into residential areas has increased significantly so that during 2000 to 2014, 291 hectares and in 2028, 626 hectares of agricultural land for construction purposes have been demolished.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Urban development, Grasslands, Forests, Logistic regression, Markov chain
 
 
 
 
 
 

*Corresponding author:                                                                      Email: m.fatima.1364@gmail.com

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Development
  • Grasslands
  • Forests
  • logistic regression
  • Markov chain

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