نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران
2 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
3 مهندسی صنایع، عضو هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The world population growth and the increasing expansion of industries have damaged the environment and natural resources that are the big issues of our time, have attracted the attention of many researchers and industry owners. The excessive heat of the earth, the destruction of the ozone layer, the presence of greenhouse gases and etc., are problems that are not only a major threat for a country or a region but also a danger for all creatures on the earth. Draw attention to international issues is inevitable in Iran due to the existence of massive fossil fuel reserves and inappropriate use of these reserves in oil and gas refineries as these energies contribute to a large number of environmental pollutions. In this research, therefore, emission reduction policies in these industries have been studied and prioritized to assist planners in adopting appropriate policies to reduce related pollution and, in particular, greenhouse gases. Accordingly, by interviewing academic experts, the oil and gas industry and the field of environment, indexes have been identified as an effective ways to reduce environmental pollutions. We have benefited of Analytical Network Process (ANP) technique, which is one of the effective methods in Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM), to ranking of indicators. The results of this research show that the banking policy of publishing is more important than other policies in the oil and gas industry to reduce pollutions.