بررسی سطح دانش و رفتارهای محیط زیستی زنان روستایی در استان کرمانشاه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

چکیده

پژوهش توصیفی- پیمایشی حاضر با هدف بررسی دانش و رفتارهای محیط‌زیستی زنان روستایی در استان کرمانشاه انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری تحقیق زنان روستایی 15 تا 64 سال بودند (203504) که تعداد 384 نفر از آنان با استفاده از جدول تعیین حجم نمونه Bartlet et) (al., 2001 و روش نمونه‌‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌‌ای چندمرحله‌‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌‌آوری داده‌‌ها، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی آن توسط صاحب‌نظران ترویج و توسعه کشاورزی، محیط‌زیست و منابع‌طبیعی و پایایی آن نیز با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ تایید شد (دانش=86/0 و رفتار =93/0). نتایج نشان داد که زنان روستایی از دانش محیط‌زیستی متوسط (میانگین= 29/10 و انحراف‌‌معیار=29/3) و رفتار محیط‌زیستی به نسبت خوبی (میانگین= 19/12 و انحراف‌‌معیار= 64/1) برخوردارند و بین دانش محیط‌زیستی و رفتار محیط‌زیستی آنها همبستگی مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین سطح تحصیلات زنان روستایی با دانش محیط‌زیستی و سن زنان با رفتار محیط‌زیستی آنان رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارد. نتایج آزمون کروسکال والیس نیز حاکی از این بود که زنان روستایی با منابع اطلاعاتی مختلف از لحاظ دانش محیط‌زیستی و زنان روستایی با فعالیت‌‌های کاری متفاوت از لحاظ رفتار محیط‌زیستی با هم تفاوت معناداری دارند. زنان روستایی با منبع کسب اطلاعات از طریق نشریه‌ها و مجله‌ها دانش بالاتری داشته و زنان باغدار نیز رفتار محیط‌زیستی بهتری داشتند. نتایج این مطالعه می‌‌تواند برای برنامه‌‌ریزان به منظور طراحی و تدوین برنامه‌‌های آموزشی- ترویجی برای افزایش دانش و ترویج رفتار محیط‌زیستی در بین زنان روستایی مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Environmental Knowledge and Behaviors of Rural Women in Kermanshah Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fateme Pourghasem
  • Amirhossein Alibaygi
  • Abdolhamid Papzan
Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

This survey research was conducted to study of environmental knowledge and behavior of rural women in Kermanshah Province. The population of the study consisted of 203,504 of rural women (15-64 years) in Kermanshah Province which 384 women were selected as sample using sample size determination table of Bartlett et al and multistage stratified random sampling technique. A questionnaire was developed for gathering information. Validity of the questionnaire confirmed by panel of  experts in agricultural development and extension, environment and natural resource, and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha coefficients (knowledge=0.86, behavior = 0.93). Results showed the level of environmental knowledge of rural women was moderate (M=10.29 and S.D=3.29) and their environmental behavior is fairly good (M=12.19 and S.D=1.64). Findings showed that there was positive correlation between environmental knowledge and environmental behaviors. Also, there were positive correlations between environmental knowledge and education, and between environmental behavior and age. Kruskal wallis test indicated that there were significant differences between environmental knowledge of rural woman with different source of information and environmental behavior of rural woman with different work activities. Rural women with the source of information through publications and magazines have a higher level of environmental knowledge and gardeners also had a better environmental behavior. Results of this study can be used by planners to development of environmental program in order to increasing knowledge and promoting environmental behavior of rural women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental knowledge
  • environmental behavior
  • Environmental education
  • Rural Women
  • Kermanshah province
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