کاربرد داستان‌گویی به عنوان یک ابزار برنامه‌ریزی ارتباطی برای شناسایی و تفسیر ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی، نمونه مطالعاتی استان یزد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش معرفی روش داستان‌گویی به عنوان یک ابزار برنامه‌ریزی ارتباطی برای درک مشترک و یادگیری دو طرفه برنامه‌ریز و جامعه محلی در مورد ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی و کاربرد آن‌ها به عنوان اصول و معیارهای برنامه‌ریزی محیط‌زیستی است. داستان‌گویی برای شناسایی ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی ساکنین چهار روستای خورمیز، تنگ چنار، سرو، بهادران واقع در شهرستان مهریز استان یزد استفاده شده است. از طریق گفتگوهای غیررسمی، خاطرات، داستان‌ها و روایتهای جامعه بازخوانی و ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی آن‌ها با کمک مردم استخراج شد. همچنین، شکل‌ها، اقدام‌ها و رفتارهای محیط‌زیستی دوستانه مردم برای انتقال ارزش‌ها از سطح ژرف ‌ساختی ذهن به سطح رو ساخت در واقعیت شناسایی شد. با توجه به شرایط اقلیمی دشوار و بر اساس سیستم باورها و شناخت واقعی جوامع از محیط‌زیست، ارزش‌هایی چون هماهنگی با طبیعت و کمترین اختلال در نظم‌های طبیعی، زیر بنای رفتار با محیط قرار گرفته که در عمل منجر به توسعه‌های نوآورانه و سازگار با محیط‌زیست شده است. توسعه‌هایی آشنا مثل قنات و یخچال تا سایر رفتارهای روزمره‌ای که ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی جامعه را دلالت می‌کند. مشخص شد که داستان‌گویی امکان پیوند بین ارزش‌های محیط‌زیستی جامعه و راه‌حل‌های برنامه‌ریزی محیط‌زیست را فراهم می‌کند و به خوبی می‌تواند در قالب فرایند برنامه‌ریزی حرفه‌ای جای گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Applying Storytelling as a Communicative Planning Tool for Understanding and Interpreting Environmental Values - Yazd Province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faryadi Shahrzad
  • Mahjabin Radaei
University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research is to introduce storytelling as a communicative planning tool for understanding of environmental values and interpretation them into environmental planning principles and rules. Through some informal meetings, interviews and field observations, the memories, stories, and environmental narratives of people of Khormiz, Tangchenar, Sarve, Bahadoran villages located in Mehriz County of Yazd Province recalled. Then their underlying environmental values explored with the aid of themselves. Also the environmental friendly built forms, activities and behaviors which have denoted to those values explored. Based on these results, the residents of villages have been addressing the most compatibility and less disruptions’ of the land due to their strong system of values and well understanding of their environment. This has been led them to some creative and compatible developments to capture their hard climate conditions; some more known as Ghanaat and Yakhchal to some other daily friendly behaviors. This research revealed that storytelling could be used to join communities’ environmental values with urban planning choices and it may be set within organizational planning process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • storytelling
  • Environmental values, Compatible with nature, Mutual learning, Environment friendly behavior, Interpretation
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