بررسی نگرش و رفتار محیط زیستی مصرف نهاده‌های شیمیایی شالیکاران مازندران، مورد سوادکوه شمالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه یاسوج

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی نگرش و رفتار محیط‌‌زیستی مصرف نهاده‌های شیمیایی در شالیکاران مازندران بود. پژوهش حاضر به روش پیمایش صورت پذیرفت. برای این منظور، بر اساس فرمول کوکران، 307 شالیکار با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب و مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه‌ای محقق ‌ساخته بود که روایی (اعتبار) آن علاوه بر استفاده از روش صوری و محتوایی (نظر اساتید و خبرگان)، از طریق تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و به کمک اعتبار همگرا نیز تایید شد و پایایی آن نیز به روش آلفای کرونباخ بررسی شد که مقدار بالای 7/0 برای مولفه‌ها برآورد شد که حاکی از پایایی ابزار مورد استفاده بود. داده‌ها با نرم‌افزارهایSPSS و Smartpls در قالب مدل معادلات ساختاری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج حاصل از شاخص‌های کلی برازش مدل نشان داد که چهار شاخص مطلق، نسبی، مدل درونی و مدل بیرونی در حد فاصل 5/0 تا 1 قرار داشتند که حاکی از نیکویی برازش مدل پژوهش حاضر بوده‌اند. همچنین نتایج مربوط به آزمون اعتبار مدل با توجه به دو شاخص اشتراک (CV Com) و حشو یا افزونگی (CV Red) مقادیر مثبت و بزرگتر از صفر را در مورد متغیرهای مدل نشان دادند که حاکی از اعتبار مطلوب مدل بود. در نهایت سه فرضیه اصلی پژوهش در سطح اطمینان 95 درصد مورد تایید قرار گرفتند. در پایان نیز پیشنهادها و راهکارهایی جهت آموزش‌های محیط‌زیستی ارایه شد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Survey of Farmer's Attitudes and Behavior Environmental to Chemicals Inputs in Mazandaran, the North Savadkuh

نویسندگان [English]

  • zakaria mohammadi tamari
  • saleh shahrokhi sardo
yasouj university
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to assess the environmental attitudes and behavior using chemical elements of paddy Mazandaran. The present study was conducted to survey. For this purpose, according to Cochran formula, 307 farmers in the villages as the sample size determined using random sampling and were studied. Was assessed by Cronbach's been estimated that the amount of 0.7 for components that indicate the reliability of the instrument was used. The data collected with the help of SPSS software and Smart PLS was analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results of the overall fit indices showed that four indices, absolute, relative, internal models and external models were between .05 to 1 that indicates the goodness of fit of the model study. In addition, the test model according to two indicators Share (CV Com) and redundant or redundancy (CV Red) positive values greater than zero indicate on variables that indicate favorable credit model. Finally, three research hypotheses were confirmed at 95 percent. In the end, suggestions and strategies for environmental training were provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attitudes and behaviors of the environment
  • farmers
  • Mazandaran
  • Structural Equation Model
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